The Varenka

“Ahead of the Times or Behind the Times?”

A counterpart to the Bottega, the Varenka was a one-and-a-half-story building with a garage-like door that was largely used for furniture storage and possibly sales.

Although Byrdcliffe furniture was stored and sold at the Varenka, it was also shipped to New York City where it was sold at Altman’s and McCreery’s furniture stores. Indeed, one of the reasons for founding the colony in Woodstock was its proximity to New York, a major commercial hub for decorative art. Although people such as Ben Webster claim, “they never had the sense to establish a trademark identity tag such as BYRDCLIFFE FURNITURE and knock up the price 50%.” there is some evidence that Whitehead and his craftspeople had some business savvy and attempted some advertising. Byrdcliffe did develop a signature mark and created have some quality, full color drawings, complete with prices and dimensions, and distributed them for advertising purposes. This strategy allowed customers to see, and perhaps purchase, Byrdcliffe goods without having the physical items on hand. Aside from these tactics, evidence suggests that designers Zulma Steele and Edna Walker may have offered Byrdcliffe furniture to their clients in their home décor business in New York.

The price of Byrdcliffe goods was substantial, but comparable with other Arts and Crafts furniture, notably that produced by the Rose Valley Association, a similar Arts and Crafts community located outside Philadelphia. For example, a Byrdcliffe settee was listed for $115; a oak tulip flower cabinet, $130; and the tulip carved dining room table pictured below, $120. However, these were not merely stock items; many were customizable with different carvings and panels by Byrdcliffe artists and designers to suit any taste or aesthetic.

Although they did sell some goods, the furniture enterprise was short lived. A combination of high prices, difficulty transporting goods to market, changing tastes, sparse advertising, and Whitehead’s aristocratic and haute attitude toward his products (and their consumers) left the shop moribund. The storage space was soon converted into a studio and summer residence for students and craftspeople sometime after 1910. However, much of the furniture stayed right in Byrdcliffe to decorate the interior spaces of the campus, especially White Pines. However, in recent years Byrdcliffe’s furniture, due to the high profile of the designers, resurgence of the Arts and Crafts aesthetic, and its scarcity, has let to a renewed interest the fruits of the community. Perhaps, Ben Webster was prescient when he noted, “Were they ahead of the times of behind the times?”

Images

Colored Drawing of a Tulip Dining table, #64

Colored Drawing of a Tulip Dining table, #64

A color drawing of a dining table with a Tulip motif. These full color drawings, complete with price and dimensions, were used for advertising purposes. | Source: The Winterthur Library: Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera, Collection 209. | Creator: Unknown View File Details Page

Chest with Winter Landscape

Chest with Winter Landscape

An oak chest with painted front panels. | Source: The Byrdcliffe Woodstock Guild | Creator: Attributed to George Eggers View File Details Page

Photo of a Byrdcliffe Case Clock

Photo of a Byrdcliffe Case Clock

A clock the Byrdcliffe furniture shop produced. It was displayed in White Pines and is now owned by the Woodstock Byrdcliffe Guild. | Source: The Winterthur Library: Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera, Collection 209. | Creator: Unknown View File Details Page

Desk with Three Panel Iris Design

Desk with Three Panel Iris Design

A cherry desk stained green with three painted panels. | Source: The Byrdcliffe Woodstock Guild | Creator: Zulma Steele, designer View File Details Page

Iris Desk Drawing

Iris Desk Drawing

A colored pencil and graphite drawing of "Desk with the Three Panel Iris Design." This was used for advertising purposes. | Source: The Byrdcliffe Woodstock Guild | Creator: Zulma Steele, designer View File Details Page

Access Information:

This is currently a working artist's home and studio, please do not disturb.

Cite this Page:

Thomas A. Guiler, “The Varenka,” UpstateHistorical, accessed October 21, 2017, http://upstatehistorical.org/items/show/9.
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